By Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina
This article follows Cuba's efforts to dig itself out of an fiscal rut via new and unique learn bearing on construction, help structures, caliber upkeep, and alternate structures of Havana and its city agricultural area. targeted recognition is given to a number of comparable parts, together with felony frameworks, problems with irrigation, ladies and their participation within the agricultural zone. This publication has been ready for researchers, experts, manufacturers, scholars, choice makers and people with a basic curiosity within the administration and keep an eye on of the city atmosphere.
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Extra resources for Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba
9 High-yield Urban Gardens Another form of urban agricultural production is the high-yield urban garden (the Organoponico de Alto Rendimiento or OAR) which the government introduced in 1994 in Havana as an investment program. The purpose was to make use of plots of land over one hectare in size, commonly not suitable for agriculture, employing human and material resources already existing in the city and specifically allotted by the government for that purpose. 10 The high-yield urban gardens were specifically designed for the cultivation of fresh vegetables and spices, mainly cooking herbs, with the potential of yielding between 15 kg/m2 and 20 kg/m2.
Fresh vegetables are intensively cultivated in beds raised between 20 cm and 30 cm (Chinese-style ridges), with more than three rotations a year. The products are intended for consumption by the producers and for trading. Intensive-cultivation gardens are farmed by one or several families or by a partnership freely formed specifically for that purpose. 6 Community gardens in general, either plots or intensive-cultivation gardens, can be itemized as follows: Area Yield (ha) (kg/m2) Year Gardens Producers 1,850 1-2 18,300 1996 12,200 1,117 8-12 17,532 2000 8,165 Source: Data provided by Empresa Horticola Metropolitana of Havana.
Production from these gardens is for sale, and five of them are selling their products to the tourism sector. The 340 people working in the OARs have maintained the original principles upon which the gardens were created. 34 Evolution of Urban Agriculture in Havana The component that has changed, however, is the producers' manner of involvement. Currently, each garden has its own administration under the EHM (except for the 3 managed by other institutions), which is the governing body for this activity in the city.