By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
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Additional resources for Agricultural Policies in Emerging Economies 2009: Monitoring and Evaluation
4. 5. 6. 3. Brazil: AGF minimum guarantee prices for main programme crops, 2005-09 se w _it E d it e io s e 2. BRAZIL u Lect r South, Southeast and Centre West regions and south Bahia. The same minimum guarantee price applies in all regions in Brazil. South, Southeast, Centre West regions (except Mato Grosso), and south Bahia, Maranhao and Piaui. Type 1 (long, fine, husked) for the South, Southeast, Northeast and Centre West regions (except MT). The same minimum guarantee price applies in all regions in Brazil.
10). 5% of GDP in 1995-97 to more than 2% in 2005-07. 5%. For the other four countries, support to agriculture represents around 1% or less of GDP. 10. Composition of Total Support Estimate, 1995-97 and 2005-07 Per cent of GDP OECD 1995-97 Ukraine 1995-97 China 1995-97 Russia 1995-97 South Africa 1995-97 Brazil 1995-97 Chile GSSE 1995-97 Transfers to consumers from taxpayers PSE 2005-07 2005-07 2005-07 2005-07 2005-07 2005-07 2005-07 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 % Source: OECD, PSE/CSE Database, 2008. it OVERVIEW e io s u le se ea e R O d The level of support to agricultural producers in the emerging economies is relatively low compared to that provided in many OECD countries.
Similarly, a country providing a deficiency payment (a payment based on output) to maintain a constant domestic target price makes smaller budget expenditures when the border price is high (including due to exchange rate variations), and vice versa. In this case, the PSE calculations will show a change in the level of payments based on output rather than of MPS. The fact that MPS in the above examples behaves differently over time is an appropriate reflection of differences in policy implementation.