Download Agricultural biotechnology: the next ''green revolution''?, by World Bank. Agriculture and Rural Development Dept PDF

By World Bank. Agriculture and Rural Development Dept

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In many countries existing technologies still offer some scope for improving agricultural output further, but there are limits to what can now be achieved. Physiological barriers alone constitute a large constraint to both crop and animal yields. The techniques applied also have their limitations, for instance the production increments achieved with fertilizer and irrigation are tending to decline with each additional unit of expenditure. In addition, environmental considerations are checking rapid expansion of cultivation into range and forest lands, and questions of equity and income distribution are increasingly modifying production strategies.

Socioeconomic Issues 5 A. Food Production & Population Trends 5 B. Socioeconomic Impact 6 3. Biotechnology in the Industrial World 8 4. Biotechnology in the Developing World 10 A. Policy Issues 10 B. Selected Country Experiences 11 5. Technology Assessment 14 A. Production Impact 14 B. Crop Production 14 C. Livestock Production 16 6. Commodity Analysis 21 7. Management of Intellectual Property 24 8. Regulatory Issues and Environmental Release 26 9. International Agricultural Research Centers 28 10.

The Bank recognizes the continuing need for new technologies to accelerate agricultural development, especially for small farmers and poorer countries. The continuing success of the Bank's agricultural and rural development projects depends in part on the availability of such new technologies. In 1988-89, the World Bank commissioned a study to assess the contribution that biotechnology might make to agricultural productivity, and to identify the socioeconomic, policy, and management issues that might impede its successful application.

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