By Jerry Green
The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, recognized to U.S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," used to be actually one other tragic occasion in a bigger trend of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged grants that proceed to this day.
On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.S. 7th Cavalry attacked and killed greater than 260 Lakota males, ladies, and kids at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. within the aftermath, the damaged, twisted our bodies of the Lakota humans have been quickly lined by means of a blanket of snow, as a snowfall swept in the course of the geographical region. a number of days later, veteran military general practitioner John Vance Lauderdale arrived for accountability on the within reach Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. stunned by way of what he encountered, he wrote a variety of letters to his closest family detailing the occasions, aftermath, and lifestyle at the Reservation lower than army profession. He additionally handled the wounded, either Cavalry infantrymen and Lakota civilians. What distinguishes After Wounded Knee from the massive physique of literature already on hand at the bloodbath is Lauderdale's frank value determinations of army lifestyles and a private remark of the tragedy, untainted by means of self-serving memory or decorated newspaper and political stories. His experience of frustration and outrage towards the army command, particularly about the strategies used opposed to the Lakota, is vividly obvious during this intimate view of Lauderdale's lifestyles. His correspondence presents new perception right into a well-known topic and was once written on the top of the cultural fight among the U.S. and Lakota humans. Jerry Green's cautious modifying of this big assortment, a part of the toilet Vance Lauderdale Papers within the Western Americana assortment in Yale University's Beinecke Library, clarifies Lauderdale's reports on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
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Extra resources for After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale while Serving with the Army Occupying the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 1890-1891
Accepting an invitation from Red Cloud, chief of the Oglala Lakota at Pine Ridge, Big Foot set off for the agency at Pine Ridge. " This figure includes some of Hump's band and Sitting Bull's followers. By going to Pine Ridge, Big Foot broke his word to Colonel Sumner, who was responsible for bringing Big Foot and his band to Fort Bennett. Big Foot had promised the Colonel that he would take his people to Fort Bennett. 79 Several things factored into his decision to go to Pine Ridge, however, perhaps the most compelling of which was the message Big Foot received from a settler named John Dunn, who was sent by Colonel.
This was equally true of similar surgical lesions occurring in civil life. Many years were yet to pass before wounds attended with great destruction of tissue were to fall under surgical control. 13 Despite the obstacles, the period between the two major wars was marked by major accomplishments in the medical department, accomplishments that would have a lasting impact on the regular army. In 1885, directives were issued to medical officers to perform monthly sanitary inspections of their posts and report the results to Washington, forwarded by the commanding officers.
Gardner is a passenger with me enroute to Omaha, and says many of the Army people, Gen'l Brooke and others are members of his flock. Mr. G[ ardner] used to visit Oswego and remembers when [he was] a boy, going to see Ft. Ontario. M. Station for dinner. Do not have any appetite so stopped to get a sandwich and fried cakes for my satchel and eat it when I feel like it. A drizzling rain all the time, no snow, and they say more this side of Chicago. I hope Julia 3 will come on soon so that you will have company.