Download A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea by Terry L. Erwin PDF

By Terry L. Erwin

A synthesis of the category, distributions, and methods of lifetime of the ground-beetles (Coleoptera: Caraboidea) residing within the Western Hemisphere. less than every one taxon account, the historic nomenclature, distribution on the state and/or state/province point, and lifestyle, together with Macrohabitat, Microhabitat, Dispersal skills, Seasonal incidence, and behaviour are elaborated. chosen references for every taxon are given in those different types and an intensive, approximately entire bibliography of Caraboidea references for the Western Hemisphere is gifted. The sections on lifestyle contain the subsequent: Macrohabitat precis, altitudinal distribution in meters, in addition to a normal altitudinal type, habitat/microhabitat information, seasonality, and lower than habit notes on diel task, adult/larval hibernation, prey goods, immatures, over wintering, and different notes on habit are awarded. info of dispersal energy, or the potential of dispersal, i.e. wing situation, flight info, strolling, operating, burrowing and hiking files, so far as is understood is integrated. Species brought are famous with their possible region of foundation. This paintings, deliberate as a seven quantity spouse to Larochelle & Lariviere (2003), can be an vital device for anyone drawn to ground-beetles in keeping with se and their average background, in addition to their function within the atmosphere and significance to agriculture, conservation, and forestry. nationwide, nearby, and native libraries will locate this set of instruments good used a result of terrific quantity of data that's summarized at those geographical degrees. This paintings follows the type of Erwin (1984), and the nomenclature of Lorenz (2005), as up-to-date on a six month cycle by means of Erwin (e-data base, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution).

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Adults are mostly diurnal, carnivorous. Adults found over-wintering on higher and drier ground, in fields and at the edge of woods under stones and in leaf litter. Larvae and adults hibernate. References: Erwin (2001), Gandhi et al. (2005), Larochelle & Larivière (2003), Lindroth (1961), Data from CAS, UASM collections Notiophilus biguttatus (Fabricius) 1779 SPOTTED BIG-EYED BEETLE Elaphrus biguttatus Fabricius, 1779:232 Dermestes aquaticus Geoffroy, 1785:21 Elaphrus semipunctatus Duftschmid, 1812:90 Notiophilus latus Waterhouse, 1833:209 Notiophilus nitidus Waterhouse, 1833:210 Notiophilus striatus Waterhouse, 1833:209 Notiophilus lateralis Motschulsky, 1864:192 Notiophilus melanophthalmus Slosser-Klekovski, 1877:12 Notiophilus pseudoquadripunctatus Everts, 1918:43 Notiophilus pseudolateralis Louvet, 1925:6 Notiophilus coerulescens Depoli, 1929:31 Distribution: Introduced.

Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Lowlands to midlands, sea level – 900 meters altitude. In Europe, this species is a pronounced forest beetle except in the humid climate of the west, where it occurs in open country. MICROHABITAT: Clearings, roadsides, vacant lots, open grassy cultivated fields, and forest edges. Adults occur on shaded or open ground that is consisting of moderately dry gravelly, sandy, or loamy ground covered with sparse vegetation, or leaf litter. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Wing-polymorphic.

DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Wing-dimorphic. European records indicate macropterous adults fly. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in January – December; teneral adults in June – August. BEHAVIOR: In Europe, adults have been observed eating Collembola. Adults are mostly diurnal, carnivorous. Adults found over-wintering on higher and drier ground, in fields and at the edge of woods under stones and in leaf litter. Larvae and adults hibernate. References: Erwin (2001), Gandhi et al. (2005), Larochelle & Larivière (2003), Lindroth (1961), Data from CAS, UASM collections Notiophilus biguttatus (Fabricius) 1779 SPOTTED BIG-EYED BEETLE Elaphrus biguttatus Fabricius, 1779:232 Dermestes aquaticus Geoffroy, 1785:21 Elaphrus semipunctatus Duftschmid, 1812:90 Notiophilus latus Waterhouse, 1833:209 Notiophilus nitidus Waterhouse, 1833:210 Notiophilus striatus Waterhouse, 1833:209 Notiophilus lateralis Motschulsky, 1864:192 Notiophilus melanophthalmus Slosser-Klekovski, 1877:12 Notiophilus pseudoquadripunctatus Everts, 1918:43 Notiophilus pseudolateralis Louvet, 1925:6 Notiophilus coerulescens Depoli, 1929:31 Distribution: Introduced.

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