By Robert F. Boszhardt
To be had December 2003 the most typical relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the higher Mississippi River Valley could be the chipped stone projectile issues that local american citizens mounted to the ends in their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. this helpful advisor presents a key to settling on some of the sorts of issues came across alongside the higher Mississippi River within the Driftless zone stretching approximately from Dubuque, Iowa, to pink Wing, Minnesota, yet framed inside a a bit of higher zone extending from the Rock Island Rapids on the smooth Moline-Rock Island zone to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul. Logging tens of hundreds of thousands of miles and vacationing deepest creditors from all walks of lifestyles due to the fact 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented hundreds of thousands of projectile issues present in this sector. as well as drawings of every kind, he presents different authorised names in addition to names of comparable issues, age, distribution, an outline (including size and width), fabric, and references for every kind. The advisor is intended for the various avocational archaeologists who acquire projectile issues within the top Midwest and should be an invaluable reference software for pro box archaeologists besides. Emphasizing the maintenance of web sites in addition to a mutual alternate of knowledge among expert and avocational archaeologists, this consultant will demonstrate projectile issues as clues to the prior, time markers which embrace an important information regarding the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early population.
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Extra info for A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide)
The blade is usually well ﬂaked and roughly triangular or lanceolate shaped. Resharpened Dalton knives may exhibit steep beveling on each of the edges. The stem sides are straight or slightly concave, while the base usually is deeply concave and shows ﬁne thinning ﬂakes often resembling short ﬂuting. The base is often ground. Some Dalton points have been resharpened into drills or awls. Length: 5– 8 cm/2– 7 in. 5 in. material: Most examples in western Wisconsin are made of locally available Ga- lena or Prairie du Chien cherts, and some are heat-treated.
Other possible names or related points: Key-Notched Point, Bristol Diagonal- Notched, Cache Diagonal-Notched. . distribution: Thebes points are most concentrated in the central Midwest and become rare north of the Wisconsin River. description: Thebes points are medium to large spear points or knives with distinctly square notches. Blades are bifacially thinned by percussion ﬂaking. Shoulder barbs are usually rounded. Blades are well made with straight sides, often exhibiting steep, alternate beveling from edge resharpening.
Distribution: r e c t o r u n n i n g f o o t | 43 description: These are relatively small corner-notched points with distinctive puzzlelike notches that are narrow on the blade edge, enlarging into rounded ends. The blades are relatively thin and edges are ﬁnely pressure ﬂaked. Edges are slightly convex but taper in from the notches, creating slight, pointed shoulder barbs. Bases are usually concave, forming squarish ears beneath the notches. The base and ears are often ground. 5–2 in. 5 in. material: In western Wisconsin these points are usually made of heat-treated, locally available Prairie du Chien chert.