By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation used to be apprehensive to understand why the fur alternate from New Netherland were declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff some distance into Iroquois state to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the excursion from citadel Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest recognized description of the inner of what's at the present time manhattan nation and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert was once a willing observer, and his magazine isn't just an everyday log of the place the excursion get together traveled; it's also an in depth account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's notable wordlist is the earliest recognized recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations offer essential fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and an individual with a unique curiosity in local American reviews. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his specialist research of the language within the local American passages supply a necessary new measurement to this version of the journal.
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Additional resources for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
29. We pushed on with our journey. After having traveled a while, we came to a very high hill. When we had just about reached the top, I fell so that I thought that I had broken my ribs; however, it was only the handle of my sword that had broken. 68 After 7 more miles, we found another hut into which we settled ourselves. We made a fire and ate up all the food we had, for the Indians said that we were still about 4 miles from the castle. It was nearly sunset when another Indian ran on to the castle to tell them that we were coming.
See generally Boxer, Dutch Seaborne Empire, and Israel, Dutch Republic. 2. ” 3. On the West India Company and the founding of New Netherland, including authoritative treatments of the economic, political, social, religious, and administrative developments in the colony, see Rink, Holland on the Hudson, and Jacobs, New Netherland. See also Hart, New Netherland Company; Bachman, Peltries or Plantations. 4. ” The estimated Mohawk population at this time was over 7,000 (Snow, Iroquois, 96, 110). INTRODUCTION xxxix 5.
Then we left the second castle, and when we had gone 1 mile our Indian SQORHEA came before a 8 JOURNEY INTO MOHAWK AND ONEIDA COUNTRY stream that we had to cross. This stream was running very hard with many large chunks of ice, because yesterday’s heavy rain had broken up the stream so that we were in great danger. Had one of us just fallen, it would have been the end. But the Lord God protected us and we made it across. 41 After going another half mile, with wet and frozen clothing, stockings, and shoes, we came to a very high hill on which stood 32 houses, all similar to the previous ones.