Download A Cognitive Theory of Cultural Meaning (Publications of the by Claudia Strauss PDF

By Claudia Strauss

"Culture" and "meaning" are relevant to anthropology, yet anthropologists don't agree on what they're. Claudia Strauss and Naomi Quinn suggest a brand new idea of cultural that means, person who provides precedence to the best way people's studies are internalized. Drawing on "connectionist" or "neural community" versions in addition to different mental theories, they argue that cultural meanings should not fastened or restricted to static teams, yet neither are they continuously revised or contested. Their method is illustrated by means of unique study on understandings of marriage and ideas of luck within the usa.

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Implications for current research on the constructedness of culture and self It is odd the way Foucauldians talk about the constructedness of "subjects" while ignoring the work of psychological anthropologists who have shown some of the subtle ways in which thoughts, feelings, and motives are shaped by power that runs all through society, as Foucault (1978) puts it, and is present not just in the state. In fact, substituting "culture" for "power" in Foucault's writings produces statements that look a great deal like Ruth Benedict's classic culture-and-personality theory in Patterns of culture (1959).

Kondo's own Japanese study, however, goes on to do the same sorts of linguistic analyses and shows that while her neighbors and coworkers in Tokyo assumed people to be highly interdependent, they still could distinguish self from other and inner thoughtfeelings from the outer world. Consider the following summary of the lectures she and some coworkers heard at a company-sponsored outing to an "ethics center": The most relevant term in our discussion of the center's theories of selfhood . . is kokoro, the heart, the seat of feeling and thought.

Ibid. 1990:139]) that appears the more peculiar position cross-culturally and 32 Background historically. , the emphasis on advertising and other surface imagery in post-industrial societies): JTJhis is perhaps the moment to say something about contemporary theory, which has among other things been committed to the mission of criticizing and discrediting this very hermeneutic model of the inside and the outside and of stigmatizing such models as ideological and metaphysical. But what is today called contemporary theory...

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